Free movement of labour law
Immigration was largely cited as a reason for people voting Brexit.
As a member of the EU, the Government does not have control over the number or type of EU migrants who come to the UK seeking work.
Leaders of the Leave campaign said they will introduce an Australian-style points system, where all migrants would be subject to the same rules, and could be selectively refused entry.
Free movement of labour applies across the EU, extending even to Switzerland and Norway – who are not EU members, but have free trade agreements with the EU.
Brexit supporters could end up fighting amongst themselves – Nigel Farage pushed immigration to the centre of the campaign, while Tory MEP Daniel Hannan, a libertarian and supporter of free trade, told the BBC: ‘Do not imagine that if we leave the EU that will mean zero immigration.’
The right to be forgotten rule
In 2010, a Spanish citizen who had once had his home repossessed said his privacy was being breached as people could read about this old issue on Google.
The case went to EU court, who ruled in his favour and said that individuals have the right to demand that search links remove links with personal information about them, if it’s ‘inaccurate, inadequate, irrelevant or excessive’.
However, when Britain is out of the EU, Google could apply to a British court to rule that, in the UK, there is no right to be forgotten.
Child benefit for migrant workers law
Currently, EU citizens working in the UK can claim child benefit, even if their children are not living in the UK.
This law could be scrapped as part of any changes to immigration.
Working time directive
Under EU law, it is illegal to make an employee work for an average of more than 48 hours a week.
In 1992, John Major opted out from this directive, but the Labour Government opted back in six years later.
Working class voters who backed Brexit are unlikely to want to see this protection disappear, but it could still be scrapped.
The Common Fisheries Policy gives European fishing fleets equal access to the waters of all EU states within 12 nautical miles of the coast.
Quotas are imposed to preserve fish stocks – which Boris Johnson has previously described as ‘crazy’.
The Leave campaign promised that Brexit would help fishers ‘take back control’ of Britain’s fishing waters and fish stocks.
VAT on energy bills law
EU law says that the standard VAT rate must be at least 15 per cent.
The reduced rate, which only applies to certain specified goods and services, must be at least 5 per cent.
Governments aren’t given the freedom to decide that there should be no VAT on chosen items – this caused the argument on ‘tampon tax’, which was eventually scrapped.
Outside the EU, the Government could make gas and electricity bills VAT-free.
This move would be socially progressive, as the people most affected would be those on the lowest incomes.
However, green activists could object, saying that it wouldn’t be green, as it may encourage people to use more electricity.
Climate change directive
The Open Europe think tank see the renewables directive as the most expensive piece of legislation imposed by Brussels.
It sets targets for tackling climate change, such as achieving a 20 per cent share of energy from renewable sources by 2020.
The cost required to achieve these targets is reputedly £4.7bn a year, and with Brexit campaigners tending to be sceptical about climate change, scrapping this directive could be seen as a useful way to save money – although green activists would disagree.
Diabetic motorists directive
Traffic driving in winter on the M5 motorway near Bridgwater, Somerset, England (Picture: Getty)
There is not an overall ban on diabetic motorists – but a directive from the EU states that diabetics who need regular insulin treatment should only be issued with driving licences ‘in very exceptional circumstances’.
After Brexit, it will be up to Parliament to govern road safety.